Andalusian breed information
Andalusian horse general information
COLORTheir most common coat color is gray, although they can be found in many other colors.
SIZE15.1 – 15.3 hands high
ORIGINSpain, Iberian Peninsula
USESAndalusians today are used for show jumping, western pleasure and many other classes at horse shows.
INFLUENCEBecause of the influence of the later Habsburg families, who ruled in both Spain and other nations of Europe, the Andalusian was crossbred with horses of Central Europe and the Low Countriesand thus was closely related to many breeds that developed, including the Neapolitan horse, Groningen, Lipizzaner and Kladruber. Spanish horses were used extensively in classical dressage in Germany from the 16th century on. From this use, they influenced many German horse breeds, including the Hanoverian, Holstein, East Friesian and Oldenburg. Dutch breeds such as the Friesian and Gelderland also contain significant Spanish blood, as do Danish breeds such as the Fredericksborg and Knabstrup. Andalusians were a significant influence on the creation of the Alter Real, a strain of the Lusitano, and the Azteca, a Mexican breed created by crossing the Andalusian with American Quarter Horse and Criollo bloodlines. The Spanish jennet ancestors of the Andalusian also developed the Colonial Spanish Horse in America, which became the foundation bloodstock for many North and South American horse breeds.
TEMPRERAMENTAndalusians tend to be docile, but also intelligent and sensitive. When treated with respect they are quick to learn, responsive and cooperative.
Andalusian horses are both elegant and strongly built. Members of the breed have heads of medium length, with a straight or slightly convex profile. Ultra convex and concave profiles are discouraged in the breed, and are penalized in breed shows. Necks are long and broad, running to well-defined withers; chests massive; backs short; hindquarters broad and strong, with well-rounded croups. \r
Andalusians began to be exported from Spain in 1962. The first Andalusians were imported into Australia in 1971, and in 1973 the Andalusian Horse Association of Australia was formed for the registration of these Andalusians and their offspring. Strict quarantine guidelines prohibited the importation of new Andalusian blood to Australia for many years, but since 1999, regulations have been relaxed and more than half a dozen new horses have been imported.\r
also rely on imported stock, and today, all American Andalusians can be traced directly to the stud books in Portugal and Spain. There are around 4,500 animals living today in the United States, where the International Andalusian and Lusitano Horse Association (IALHA) registers around 400 new foals every year. These numbers indicate that the Andalusian is a relatively rare breed in the United States. As of 2003, there were 75,389 living horses registered in the stud book, and they constituted almost 66 percent of the horses in Spain. Breed numbers have been increasing during the 21st century.\r
Andalusian fun facts
Andalusians have been present in films ranging from Gladiator to Interview with a Vampire, and Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life to Braveheart. The horses have also been seen in such fantasy epics as The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Arthur, and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. In 2006, a rearing Andalusian stallion, ridden by Mexican conquistador Don Juan de Oñate, was recreated as the largest bronze equine in the world. Measuring 36 feet (11 m) high, the statue currently stands in El Paso, Texas.